Stephen Hawking Success Story, Biography, Journey
Stephen hawking's full name was Stephen William hawking. He was an English theoretical physicist, cosmologist. He was also an author who was director of research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology at the University of Cambridge. He was also the Lucasian professor of mathematics at the University of Cambridge between the years 1979 and 2009.
Stephen Hawking was born on January 8, 1942, in oxford in the city of England to Frank and Isobel Eileen hawking. Stephen Hawking was born in a highly educated family. Both of his parents had a college degrees. Both of his parents attended the University of Oxford where his father read medicine and his mother read Philosophy, Politics, and Economics.
Hawking began his education at the Byron House School in Highgate, London. Stephen was not a bright student at his age because he couldn’t read properly until he was 8. When he was 8 he attended St. Albans school. In this school, his focus was not on studying but he was interested in knowing things that were happening outside the classroom and he often spends his time inventing new things.
For his family education was much important thing. At the 13-year-old Hawking's father wanted his son to attend the well-regarded Westminster School. But Stephen was ill on the day of the scholarship examination. His parent couldn’t afford the fees of that school without the help of a scholarship so he remained in St. Albans school. When he was in school his teacher know that there was something special about Stephen. So when he was in school his nickname was Einstein.
Hawking close to his group of friends with them he enjoyed board games, the manufacture of fireworks, model airplanes, and boats.
In 1958, with the help of the mathematics teacher who was Dikran Tahta, they built a computer from clock parts, an old telephone switchboard, and other recycled components.
"However difficult life may seem, there is always something you can do and succeed at."
"Many people find the universe confusing -- it's not."
"Work gives you meaning and purpose, and life is empty without it."
“Quiet peoples have loudest minds.”
When he was going to attend the university he wants to study mathematics and he was inspired by his math teacher but his father said him that he select medicine because there are few jobs for maths graduates. When he was 17 years old he went to oxford for studying physics and chemistry.
When he was at university he didn’t pay attention to those things which were written in the books and spend his time learning new techniques. He work an hour a day and he was very lazy at that time. He found his first year was very boring.
In 1962 he graduated with the honor and went to the University of Cambridge for doing Ph.D. in cosmology. When his first year was in the university he had some strange physical symptoms. He suddenly trip and fall he his speech slurred.
At first, he didn’t notice but then his father after doing some series of tests he found out that he was in the early stages of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis in this condition the part of his brain which was responsible for muscle control shut down. This disease paralyzed people and they have struggled to walk, talk and swallow and also breathe without help.
In the meantime, he meets his future wife Jane. Then the doctor tells him that he had only two years to survive so he decided not to be lazy and make difference. Stephen married Jane and they had three children.
“When faced with the possibility of an early death it makes you realize that life is worth living and there are lots of things you want to do”
In 1968 Hawking became a member of the Institute of Astronomy in Cambridge and the discoveries of cosmologists. In 1970, Hawking discovered that the 'Second Law of Black Hole Dynamics.' According to it the event horizon of a black hole along with James M. Bardeen and Brandon Carter, he proposed the four laws of 'Black Hole Mechanics.'
He became the more recognizable person for his research and discoveries through his print and TV interviews
In 1975, he was awarded the Eddington Medal and the Pius XI Gold Medal, followed by the Dannie Heineman Prize and the Maxwell Prize.
In 1976 hawking received the Dannie Heineman Prize, the Maxwell Medal and Prize, and the Hughes Medal.
In 1977 he was appointed as a professor with a chair in gravitational physics. In the same year, he received the Albert Einstein Medal and an honorary doctorate from the University of Oxford.
Later he loses all his control on speech and it’s difficult to understand him but these types of problems didn’t stop him and in 1997 he was appointed as the Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at Cambridge University.
In 1982, Hawking and Gary Gibbons organized a Nuffield Workshop on the topic ‘The Very Early Universe’ in a Cambridge University, which focused on the cosmological inflation theory.
In 1985 he lost his voice completely and due to this, he required 24-hour care. To solve this problem of speaking Californian computer programmers, invented a speaking program that could be directed by head or eye movement.
In 1993, hawking co-edited a book on Euclidean quantum gravity with Gary Gibbons and published a collected his own articles on black holes and his series of lectures were published as ‘The Nature of Space and Time’.
Stephen Hawking was also the author of a lot of books. Some of the names of his books are: “Black Hole and Baby Universe”, “The Universe In Nut Shell”, “The grand design”, “The Briefer History Of Time”, “God Created the Integers”, "George's Secret Key to the Universe" and sequels.
Stephen Hawking married Jane his first wife in 1965. He had three children and later his physical condition become more and more severe and then he became a burden on Jane.
In 1980 he had affair with his nurse Elaine Manson later he divorced Jane and married Elaine Manson but this marriage was not proved to be successful Elaine also abuse him physically. He divorced Elaine in 2006. He could no longer drive his wheelchair. He required a ventilator at times and was hospitalized several times since 2009.
Stephen Hawking died on 14 March 2018 at the age of 76.
“I regard the brain as a computer which will stop working when its components fail. There is no heaven or afterlife for broken-down computers; that is a fairy story for people afraid of the dark.”
“Remember to look up at the stars and not down at your feet. Try to make sense of what you see and wonder about what makes the universe exist. Be curious. And however difficult life may seem, there is always something you can do and succeed at. It matters that you don’t just give up.”
“I have lived with the prospect of an early death for the last 49 years. I’m not afraid of death, but I’m in no hurry to die. I have so much I want to do first.”
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Stephen Hawking Success Story
Stephen Hawking Biography
Stephen Hawking Journey